The Early Life of H. L. Reed

Horace Lafayette Reed was born in Rootstown, Portage County, Ohio on November 13, 1840.  He attended school in the area, became a teacher, and was to begin teaching in the fall of 1862 when he decided to answer President Lincoln’s second call for troops in June of 1862.  Reed enlisted on August 1, 1862 as a private in company I of the 104th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.  The regiment, comprised of soldiers from Stark, Columbia, Summit and Portage counties, was organized at Camp Massillon and was mustered into service on August 30, 1862.

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H. L. Reed in 1896

On September 1st the regiment left for Cincinnati and assisted in defending the city when they crossed the Ohio River into Covington, KY.  It was here they saw their first action resulting in one soldier being killed and five others wounded.  These were the only casualties of the conflict.  On September 12th the regiment marched in pursuit of the Confederate Army towards Lexington.  They reached Lexington on October 15th shortly after the Confederates had evacuated.  The regiment stayed there until December 6th when they marched to Richmond, KY, then to Danville, Harrodsburg and back to Danville where they expected to engage the enemy, but found little resistance.

The regiment stayed in this area of Kentucky, during which time Horace Reed was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant, until they made their way to Knoxville, TN in early September of 1863.  The regiment joined General Burnside’s army in East Tennessee and saw little action until the Siege of Knoxville in late November 1863, where a number of men were lost and wounded.  They stayed in this portion of Tennessee until April of 1864 when they were ordered to Cleveland, TN to prepare for the Atlanta Campaign.  The first major conflict of the Atlanta Campaign for the 104th was the Battle of Utoy Creek.  Twenty-six men were either killed or wounded, in a desperate assault made on the 6th of August.  It was shortly after this that Reed was made 1st Lieutenant on August 19, 1864.

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Battle of Franklin, by Kurz and Allison (1891).

The regiment marched through Georgia, Alabama and back to Tennessee tearing up railroads and guarding communication lines.  The 104th made its way to Franklin, TN and participated in the Battle of Franklin on November 30, 1864, where the Union Army lost 2,326 men (189 Killed) and the Confederates lost 6,252 men (1,750 killed).   Of these, 60 were killed or wounded from the 104th OVI, including Captain David D. Bard of Company I.  After the battle, the regiment marched to Nashville, TN, reaching the city on December 1st.  They participated in a small skirmish on the 15th and 16th of December pursuing the enemy to Clifton, TN where they remained until January 16th.

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1865 Map of Fort Anderson, NC

On February 16, 1865, the 104th crossed the Cape Fear River and landed in Smithville, NC.  On February 18th, Reed led troops toward Fort Anderson and had a skirmish with the Confederate Army.  Two men were killed and 20 other wounded.  One of those 20 was 1st Lieutenant Horace L. Reed who was shot through both his legs below the knees.  Reed was discharged May 15, 1865 for wounds received at Fort Anderson.  The regiment participated in one more conflict at Town Creek, NC on February 20, 1865 before being mustered out on June 17, 1865.

Reed made his way to Mansfield shortly after the war and went into business with his brother J. H. Reed, eventually becoming one of the most successful and respected merchants in the city.

Sources:

Baughman, A. J. (1908) History of Richland County, Vol. 2.
Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, Vol. 7.
Pinney, N. A. (1886). History of the 104th regiment Ohio volunteer infantry from 1862 to 1865.
Reid, Whitelaw. (1868) Ohio in the War, Vol. 2.

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Prof. La Cardo: “A Drunken, Howling Fraud”

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130 years ago, in 1888, this advertisement appeared in The Mansfield Daily Shield and Banner promising a spectacular out-door exhibition for the Fourth of July at the county fairgrounds.  The main attraction was Prof. La Cardo, an aeronaut, who would perform while hanging from a hot air balloon.  Flight and ballooning had become a popular attraction ever since the first balloon flew in Versailles, France 105 years previously in 1783.  A sheep, duck and rooster were the first passengers and flew for about 8 minutes, rising 1500 feet and traveling 2 miles before safely landing.

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Balloon launch in Public Square (Central Park) around 1870.

Ballooning had come to Mansfield in the past.  In 1858 the aeronaut Mr. W. J. Shotts rose about a quarter mile in the air, dropped and came down about two and a half miles north east of the city in an orchard near the residence of Henry Nail.  Also, in July 1863, a Professor Squires was supposed to make a balloon-ascension from Public Square, but, after sending his balloon to the city, decided not to make the flight to the disappointment of many of the citizens.

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Another balloon launch, unknown date.

This wasn’t the last time the citizens of Mansfield would be disappointed by a ballooning exhibition.  Prof. La Cardo and his “group of dead-beats and dead-broke frauds,” as The Mansfield Daily Shield and Banner referred to them, left town after the show owning about $75 to local businesses.   One, The Herald Co., was owed $12.82 and Mayor McCrory issued a warrant for the arrest of W. F. Crossley, the manager of the troupe.  Officer Weil found him at the depot and settled the debt for $10 and let Crossley go.  Another warrant was then issued for both La Cardo and Crossley, but they had already boarded the train heading east.  Messages were sent to Loudonville and Wooster.  Crossley was arrested again in Loudonville and La Cardo by the Marshal in Wooster.  Marshal Lemon then went to retrieve the prisoners to take them back to Mansfield.

The company didn’t just skip town with unpaid bills; the show was also a disappointment.  The Mansfield Daily Shield and Banner called La Cardo “a drunken, howling fraud,” claiming “he was drunk nearly the entire time he was in the city.”  The balloon didn’t rise more the height of a fence and Zip Tyler and John Emminger, who won contests, didn’t receive the prizes they were promised.   In closing the newspaper said La Cardo and his manager Crossley “should have been given nice summer suits of tar and the stuff our grandmothers made pillows of.”

The men were returned to Mansfield and locked up for the night.  The following day, they stood before Mayor McCrory and were charged with “practicing games for the purpose to defraud and cheat.”  Crossley wished to settle the bills.  Another man, named Cook, left his gold watch and the men went out in the city to raise funds.  They returned about a half hour later, paid the bills, and the mayor released the men.

Later it was also found out that “La Cardo and his gang” were wanted in Shelby for defrauding the citizens there.  Crossley said he could perform a balloon-ascension there, but needed a little money to get it going.  He was successful in getting about $50 from the citizens.

The Aultman & Taylor Machinery Co.

The Aultman & Taylor Machinery Co. started in Mansfield in 1867 and continued into the 1920s, but who were the men behind the names Aultman and Taylor?

After these brief biographical sketches are some photographs of The Aultman & Taylor Machinery Co.

Cornelius Aultman

Cornelius Aultman was born March 20, 1827, in a log home west of what is today East Canton, Ohio.  His father, Jacob, died a few years after his birth and his mother, Elizabeth, remarried a farmer named John Miller.  Cornelius was first employed at Wise & Ball, a local machine shop, where he met his wife Eliza Wise.  This is also where he would begin to experiment with making agricultural equipment more efficient.  In 1849 and 1850, Cornelius, along with his wife and financial backer Michael Dillman, headed to Plainfield, Illinois to sell reapers based on a design by Obed Hussey.  Upon hearing of their success, Hussey went to Illinois to demand royalties.  Soon after, Aultman returned to Ohio.

Aultman returned to Ball & Wise and quickly became partner in the business, which became Ball, Aultman & Co.  They would eventually buy property in Canton where they built threshers, reapers and mowers.  Ball sold his interest in the company and went out on his own in direct competition against Aultman.  By 1865 Ball was out of business and C. Aultman & Co. was selling thousands of pieces of equipment annually.

It was in 1867 when Cornelius Aultman located his new company in Mansfield, the Aultman, Taylor & Co.; this new venture had no relation to his company in Canton other than Aultman’s involvement.   Aultman enlisted Michael D. Harter to run the Mansfield plant, which proved successful for many years.  On December 26, 1884, Cornelius Aultman died suddenly of apoplexy in his home in Canton.  In 1891 Aultman, Taylor & Co. was reincorporated and became the Aultman & Taylor Machinery Co.

Henry Hobart Taylor

Henry Hobart Taylor was born in Durhamsville near Oneida Creek, New York in 1835.  When he was 10 years old, his father moved the family to Chicago, Illinois.  While there, Taylor worked in his father’s mercantile business as a clerk.  In 1854 the family moved to Freeport, Illinois and Taylor made his way to Cincinnati, Ohio to study pharmacy.  Two years later, Taylor returned to Freeport.  It was upon his return that he first became associated with Cornelius Aultman when he became an agent for C. Aultman& Co.

Taylor made his fortune through real estate in Chicago.  He had the foresight to purchase land relatively cheap in a rapidly growing city.  With his financial resources, Taylor became involved in many enterprises, including the Commercial National Bank, the American insurance Company and the Elgin Watch Company.

In 1864 Taylor married Adelaide Chatfield, a native of Orriskany, New York.  The couple had one child, H. C. Chatfield Taylor, who was an American writer, novelist and biographer and considered a top authority on Molière.  Also in 1864, he became associated with the Nichols, Shepard and Company of Battle Creek, Michigan.  He then set up an agency in Chicago to sell equipment manufactured by C. Aultman & Co. and Nichols, Shepard and Company throughout the northwestern states.

While individuals like Aultman were mechanics and inventors of many of the devices their companies produced and sold, Taylor was an astute and shrewd business man who made important decisions at opportune times.  He saw many of these inventions as business opportunities and that is what brought him to invest and become a cofounder of the Aultman, Taylor & Co. in Mansfield, Ohio.

On November 9, 1875, Henry Hobart Taylor died at the young age of 40.  In the “years prior to his death Taylor suffered from a complication of diseases and during the last month of his life became totally blind … with indomitable courage and energy he attended to his business until the day of his death. The cause was kidney failure and Bright’s disease,” a disease involving chronic inflammation of the kidneys.

Images of The Aultman & Taylor Machinery Company, Click on Image for a larger view and to see description.

 

Sources:

Bixler, L. E. (1967).  Cornelius Aultman, C. Aultman & Co., and the Aultman Co. Stemgas Pub. Co. Enola, Pa.
http://www.cantonrep.com/news/20170917/cantons-most-important-figure-cornelius-aultman

The Sherman Room Yearbook Collection

According to NPR, the school yearbook can be traced back to George K. Warren (1832-1884).  When technology had advanced to be able to make many copies of a photo from a single negative, Warren convinced college students to buy many images and share them with their friends at school.  People would then bind these images together and make fancy albums.  These would later evolve into the yearbook we know today.

Before this and, up until the early 1900s, autograph books were popular among high school and college students.  The books would be filled with poems, drawings, and personal messages to the owner.  There are a few of these books in the archives of the Sherman Room.  One belonged to Charlotte Boyne Parker (b. 1823), the daughter of Judge Jacob Parker of Mansfield.  Charlotte’s mother was Elizabeth Sherman, the sister of Charles R. Sherman.  This made Charlotte a cousin to John Sherman.

Below are some of the images from this book.  Included is the page signed by Lampson P. Sherman, who was one of the founders of De Moines, Iowa and John Sherman’s brother.  Below the images is a list of the yearbooks available at the Sherman Room.

If you are looking for yearbooks outside of Richland County try the Ohio Genealogical Society (https://www.ogs.org/ogs_library/yearbook_collection.php) in Bellville.  They have a collection of high school and university yearbooks from all across the state.

We are always looking for donations to fill in the gaps in our collection.

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Yearbooks

High Schools

Mansfield High School
1908-1974, 1977, 1979-2017

Bellville High School
1939, 1941, 1942, 1946-1949, 1963

Butler High School
1959-1963

Clear Fork High School
1965-1967, 1969, 1971-1974, 1976-1988, 1990-2017

Crestview High School
1973, 1978-2017

Lexington High School
1938-1942, 1944-1967, 1971-2002, 2004-2016

Lucas High School
1943, 1946, 1949-1956, 1958, 1960-1964, 1967, 1975-2017

Madison High School
1928, 1930-1932, 1937-1939, 1943-1957, 1959-1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978-1988, 1990-2000, 2003-2017

Malabar High School
1964-1970, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1979-1982, 1984-1986, 1988, 1989

Mansfield Christian
1972, 1974-1979, 1982-2002, 2005-2017

Mansfield Senior High – Cline Ave. Campus
1991-1995

Mansfield School of Technology
1967-1969

Ontario High School
1965-1969, 1973-1975, 1977, 1978, 1980-1999, 2001-2016

Pioneer Career and Technology Center
1988, 1990, 1991, 2007-2017

Plymouth High School
1933, 1937-1939, 1941, 1943, 1947, 1949-1957, 1959, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1977-2000, 2005, 2007-2017

St. Peters High School
1941-1959, 1968-2000, 2002-2016

Shelby High School
1930, 1946-1964, 1966-1971, 1973-1979, 1982-2002, 2004-2017

Shiloh High School
1942, 1949, 1954

Springfield Township School (The Echo)
1932, 1935-1948, 1951-1961, 1963, 1966

Temple Christian
1978, 1982-1984, 1986, 1987, 1989-1995, 1997-1999, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2007-2017

Union High School
1941, 1944, 1953, 1956

Elementary/Middle Schools

Discovery School
2000

Dowds Elementary
1964, 1966-1970, 1972, 1978

Eastern Elementary
1987

John Sherman Junior High
1965, 1966, 1968, 1971-1983, 1987-1989

John Simpson Junior High
1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1998, 2005

Lexington Junior High
1963, 1965-1967, 1970

Malabar Middle School
1990-1995, 2004-2010

Mansfield Middle School
2011

Ontario Junior High
1965, 1968, 1970, 1985

Woodville School
1962

Other

Mansfield School of Nursing
1947, 1950, 1957-1981